3 Common Pediatric Eye Problems And Their Solutions

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Some of the common symptoms of eye damage are red spots on the eyes, scratching, redness and pain in the eyes, excessive tears, a feeling of a foreign body in the eyes, blurred vision, and headache.
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Allergic conjunctivities

Dr Diljeet Kaur Gahir, specialist ophthalmologist, Prime Hospital, explains:

It happens when the conjunctiva – the outermost membrane covering the white part of the eyeball – becomes inflamed due to an allergy. It causes red, itchy, watery, swollen eyes with swollen eyelids, pain, and a burning or foreign body sensation. Children can also develop sensitivity to light. It can also be accompanied by a stuffy or runny nose.

Some of the common triggers are dust mites, animal dander, chemicals such as household detergents or perfumes, pollen, mold, eye drops used after the expiration date, air pollution, and smoke.

– Dr Diljeet Kaur Gahir, Specialist Ophthalmologist, Prime Hospital

It can be seasonal or perennial. Some of the common triggers are dust mites, animal dander, chemicals such as household detergents or perfumes, pollen, mold, eye drops used after the expiration date, air pollution, and smoke.

We usually treat allergic conjunctivitis using antihistamine and mast cell stabilizer eye drops, artificial tears, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drops, oral antihistamines, and sometimes corticosteroids. In the event that the child develops severe symptoms, the ophthalmologist might suggest an allergy skin test, blood tests, or a test involving the scratching of conjunctival tissue to decide on further treatment.

Stye

Dr Saeed M. Khan, specialist ophthalmologist, Prime Medical Center, Jumeirah, explains:

One of the most common eye problems in children, styes are red, swollen, and often painful bumps that occur on the outer edge of the eyelid. You can also find them inside or under the eyelid. Although uncomfortable, styes are generally not contagious and will heal without any medical intervention.

These are usually caused by a bacterial infection of the sebaceous gland of the eyelids or an eyelash follicle. Children with poor eyelid hygiene, weaker immunity, and dandruff in their hair are more susceptible to styes than others.

While external styes usually heal within a week, if the stye is internal, becomes larger and painful, and does not go away even after a few days of home treatment, take the child to an eye doctor.

– Dr Saeed M. Khan, specialist ophthalmologist, Prime Medical Center, Jumeirah

While external styes usually heal within a week, if the stye is internal, becomes larger and painful, and does not go away even after a few days of home treatment, take the child to an eye doctor.

Your child’s ophthalmologist may prescribe antibiotic eye drops and ointment to treat the infection. For inflammation and pain, the doctor may give an anti-inflammatory tablet or syrup. However, some barns may require a surgical incision and drainage. Advise children not to burst, squeeze, or touch a stye.

Eye injuries

Dr Mohamed Embabi Specialist – Pediatrics, Bareen International Hospital, MBZ City, Abu Dhabi, explains:

Although many minor eye irritations and injuries in children can be treated at home, some require serious medical attention.

Accidental exposure to particles such as dirt, sand and animal dander can create eye irritation, affecting the cornea. Some of the common symptoms of eye damage are red spots on the eyes, scratching, redness and pain in the eyes, excessive tears, a feeling of a foreign body in the eyes, blurred vision, and headache.

If a child complains of sudden eye irritation or injury, be sure to wash your hands thoroughly before touching the affected area. Try not to touch, rub, or press on the eye, as this may make the disease even worse.

If a child complains of sudden eye irritation or injury, be sure to wash your hands thoroughly before touching the affected area. Try not to touch, rub, or press on the eye, as this may make the disease even worse.

– Dr Mohamed Embabi, Specialist – Pediatrics, Bareen International Hospital, MBZ City, Abu Dhabi

When removing a foreign particle, use the flushing method to avoid scratching the eye surface. Do not attempt to remove the particle directly from the eyes.

How to rinse the eyes?

Have the child tilt their head over a pelvis with the affected eye facing down. Gently lower the lower eyelid. Regularly pour lukewarm water over the eye. Do this for at least 15 minutes. If the child still feels irritation after rinsing the eyes, take them to a medical expert for further examination and professional treatment.


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